STD cases drastically climb in California

Leslie Hanson
May 15, 2018

The quantity of instances of sexually transmitted maladies in California achieved a record high a year ago and authorities are especially anxious by a spike in stillbirths because of inborn syphilis, state wellbeing experts said Monday.

More than 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and early syphilis were reported in the state-up 45 percent since 2013, according to the California Department of Public Health.

As many as 218,710 cases of chlamydia were recorded, marking the highest rate since 1990. Women are more likely to get chlamydia than men, while people aged 25 or younger are more likely to get a STD than their older peers, the Health Department report shows.

For the health officials, the increase is more alarming than ever considering the fact that the number of sexually transmitted disease has increased each year for six years.

STDs can cause a number of serious health problems.

A table depicts the number of gonorrhea cases reported in L.A. County from 2012 to 2017.

Klausner placed much of the blame for the overall STD spike on what he called the "decimation" of public health infrastructure since the 2008 financial crisis. Officials say regular STD testing is important because most people who are infected don't know it.

When it comes to gonorrhea, Kern is fourth in the state with 2,265 reported cases. More than half were reported among individuals under 25. According to the new report, young female Californians comprised of the majority of cases. Rates among boys and men were twice as high than among girls and women. In 2017, Kern County had 59 cases, down from 75 in 2016.

Different stages of syphilis (primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary) have different symptoms, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states.

Experts say syphilis can also cause permanent loss of vision, hearing and other neurologic problems. Being diagnosed with syphilis during pregnancy can also put the unborn baby at risk of having a low birth weight, being delivered early or death (stillbirth).

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