Florida urges vaccinations after 3 measles cases reported

Leslie Hanson
August 19, 2018

Someone who gets the measles will typically begin showing symptoms that appear similar to a cold or flu, including a fever, cough, and runny nose.

Unvaccinated people exposed to someone with measles may be excluded for up to 21 days from public places, such as school and work, where tehy could infect others.

The CDC noted that measles is common in many parts of the world, and travelers continue to bring the disease into the United States. Travelers with measles continue to bring it into the USA, where it can spread when it reaches a community where groups of people are unvaccinated. The number is likely to surpass the 118 reported measles cases from 15 states in 2017.

From Jan. 1 to July 14, 107 people had contracted the disease, federal Centers for Disease Control officials said Wednesday. Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Washington and the District of Colombia have had cases, though none have been reported in Mississippi. The symptoms are then followed by a rash that appears on a person's face and then spreads to the neck, arms, legs, and feet.

Out of 1,000 people who contract the virus, two to three will die from it. According to a CDC report, almost all those cases lacked immunizations, and the incorrect perception that the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine was linked to autism had contributed to the low level of vaccinations in the affected communities. The total number of cases that year is the highest number since measles elimination was declared in the USA in 2000. The source of the infection was never identified.

Complications can include pneumonia, encephalitis and even death. Measles elimination is defined as the absence of continuous transmission for 12 months or more in a specific geographic area. Herd immunity is achieved when at least 95 percent of the total population of a country gets the recommended two doses of the vaccine.

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